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A non-invasive examination of heart rate variability, quantitative evaluation of the autonomous nervous system (ANS), including the evaluation of patency of small and thick vessels and the stress burden level

1. Examination of the balance of the autonomous nervous system and the stress burden analysis

a non-invasive examination providing the information on the predictors of non-specific health risk

  • Analysis of the balance of the autonomous (vegetative) nervous system – indicates the risks of stress diseases (depression, anxiety, insomnia, headache, fatigue), cardiovascular diseases /hypertension, atherosclerosis, MI/ myocardial infarction or CVA/ cerebrovascular accident/, development of insulin resistance, or type 2 diabetes mellitus
  • Heart rate variability – an indicator of biological ageing and presence of arrhythmia
  • Stress burden level and stress resistance rate

Stress should be discussed, as it is regarded to be one of the main risk factors of cardiovascular diseases.

Stress is not harmful, if it occurs to a lesser extent; on the contrary, it facilitates adaptation and performance increase, accommodation to more demanding conditions. A body can cope with stress.

However, if the stress lasts for a longer period of time or occurs repeatedly, adaptation mechanisms become exhausted, which has harmful effects on the body as well as mental health. This results in psychosomatic diseases. Psychic burden is manifested by diseases which are seemingly not related to it.

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2. Photoplethysmography examination of vessels

A non-invasive examination providing the information on the status of the peripheral vascular system (small vessels), status of the cardiovascular system (thick vessels and heart), and the level of hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis)

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APG evaluation (Acceleration Plethysmogram)

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It evaluates the cardiac output, vascular elasticity, residual blood volume (the less elastic the vessels, the more blood remains inside, blood accumulates, cardiac output decreases and heart becomes overloaded).

Atherosclerosis degree identification:

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Atherosclerosis – formation of an atherosclerotic plate = vascular hardening and elasticity reduction, especially of the substances of the fat nature, blood cells, fibrotic tissues, and secondarily also of calcium on vascular walls.

Atherosclerosis leads to a number of serious complications, such as MI (myocardial infarction) or CVA (cerebrovascular accident).

Examination course:

The examination is non-invasive, lasting two minutes.

It does not require any special preparation.

We use it within the examination together with the ANESA non-invasive blood analyser. – go to “Complete blood count and comprehensive physical examination of your internal organs “

Examination result:

Analysis 1 – Stress status report:

Analysis  2 – Photoplethysmography examination of vessels:

Author : Mgr. Mrenková Lucia

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Thermovision

Differential diagnostics of inflammatory and functional disorders of muscles, joints, bones, vessels and nerves, tissues of human organs (thyroid, liver, kidneys, brain)

Raynaud sy.

– a non-invasive imaging diagnostic method, recording the real-time temperature patterns and temperature asymmetries at various locations on a body, helping thus to differentiate pathological processes of many diseases, pre-pathological conditions before the morphological changes and lesions (damage) appear in tissues of the musculoskeletal system.

In healthy people, heat distribution over the body surface is stabile and characteristic for each individual, just like a fingerprint. Every deviation from a physiological temperature pattern or temperature asymmetries indicate pathological changes, damage.

It represents:

  • superficial organs: breast, thyroid, external genitals, superficial venous system
  • individual locations of the locomotor system: shoulders, arms, spine, SI joints, joints of ankle, knee, thighs, tibia, face, head, neck, chest, abdominal wall

Identifiable diagnoses:

  • Diseases with painful demonstrations: identification of the pain cause, including inflammation, neurological damage, necrosis, ischemia, or cancerogenic and neoplastic angiogenesis, myofascial pain syndrome
  • Damage to muscles, tendons, ruptures of articular capsule, dislocations, sprains, ruptures
  • Functional joint blockage: differentiation between mechanical cause and ligament damage
  • Vasomotor headache, atypical facial pain
  • Neuropathies in diabetic patients and threat of ulcerations
  • Entrapment neuropathies: Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, Thoracic Outlet Syndrome – TOS, etc.
  • Vasospastic Raynaud sy.
  • Venous insufficiencies
  • Arthritis of various types and origins (rheumatoid arthritis, arthritis urica (DNA)
  • Monitoring of efficiency of therapeutic interventions
  • Cysts, fibrous tissue parts, mastitis, dysplasia, breast tumours.

Thermography breast examination

Thermography breast examination facilitates the identification of

  • cysts
  • fibrosis
  • mastitis
  • dysplasia
  • breast tumours

It is used to identify the status of breast tissues in women of all age categories, with all breast sizes, in pregnant women, and women with breast implants.

Asymmetric areas (i.e. with the difference of 1 degree of Celsius) indicate, with high probability, a present pathology.  Thermography can identify a cluster of approximately 256 cancer cells, while a mammography can only detect cancer when a cluster of approximately 4 billion cells is formed. It is estimated that thermography can detect a cancer formation approximately 6 years sooner than with mammography.

Female breasts usually do not radiate a lot of heat. If they are healthy, a thermography image shows light-blue tones. They indicate low temperatures. However, red, orange, or yellow spots can indicate the presence of pathology and should be analysed in more details. Long-term studies showed the average sensitivity and specificity at the level of 90%. The results show that a persisting abnormal thermogram indicates a 22-fold higher risk of breast cancer.

Method:

A modern method of infrared thermography, detecting infrared radiation from a body surface in form of an image recording. The SVIT thermal imaging system holds the record in the thermal sensitivity among conventional medical thermal imaging systems – the standard deviation of the noise in the normal operation mode of the device with majority of matrix elements corresponds to the temperature of approximately 0.025 °C.

Principle:

Contactless scanning of thermal radiation produced by human heat, visualised and diagnosed using the SVIT, a special thermograph camera

Advantages:

  • absolute harmlessness
  • high sensitivity – high-quality interpretability
  • regarded as the primary examination method, surpassing all other examination methods – active (e.g. ultrasound), or invasive
  • without contraindications, except for undisciplined patients who do not comply with the requirements prior to the examination
  • monitoring the therapy efficiency

Preparation for an examination:

24 hours prior to the examination, the use of all steroids, sympathicus-blocking agents, vasodilatation mediators, opiates, and transdermal patches must be discontinued

12 hours prior to the examination, the acupuncture, myoskeletal techniques, physical therapy,  and electrodiagnostic tests must be avoided

6 hours prior to the examination, do not use ointments, creams, bandages, splints

3 hours prior to the examination, do not eat, drink, use medications

In the morning of the examination day, a client should take a shower, the skin must be clean,  without creams, deodorants, and make-up.

Examples of diagnostics, pathology:

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Client with DM II. – risk of ulcerous changes (tibial ulcers)

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Raynaud sy.

Author: Mgr. Mrenková Lucia

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Microwave radiometry

a highly sensitive diagnostic method for the functional status of internal organs and skin and detection of anomalies already in early stages

A computer-assisted diagnostic microwave radiometer RTM-01-RES is a highly sensitive system facilitating the evaluation of the functional status of tissues and bones on the basis of non-invasive measurements of internal temperature and skin temperature

It represents and diagnoses:

  • Spine (all sections)
  • Joints
  • Abdominal cavity
  • Chest
  • Skin (neoplasia, birthmarks, scars)
  • Appendix
  • Urinary bladder
  • Stomach
  • Head, neck
  • Small pelvis
  • Kidneys, adrenal glands
  • Pancreas (endocrine gland)
  • Lower limbs
  • Thyroid
  • Breasts MORE

The RTM Technology was also successfully used in:

  • Gynaecology (pathology of pelvic organs – uterus and ovaries)
  • Endocrinology and surgery (diagnostics of thyroid carcinoma);
  • Neurology (pathology of spine);
  • Urology (diagnostics of prostate and kidney carcinoma);
  • ORL (pathological changes in paranasal sinuses)
  • Dermatovenerology (skin melanoma)

Method

The RTM-01-RES method is based on the measurement of the intensity of natural electromagnetic radiation of internal tissues and bones in microwave frequencies to the depth of 2 to 7 cm, with a high level of accuracy.

The RTM-diagnostics offers a great advantage, compared to other diagnostic methods.

Since 1970s and 1980s, thermographic cameras or infrared thermography, measuring skin temperatures in infrared wavelengths, have been used in medicine.

Experience proved that in many applications it is required not only to obtain the information on the skin temperature but also the temperatures of internal tissues. This requires the measurement of intensity of tissue radiation in larger wavelengths.
We know the method of laboratory diagnostics using specific antigens. However, it is not advisable to rely only on the results of these tests, as it is not completely specific. What does it mean?
There are cases when an individual with normal PSA (Prostate-Specific Antigen) level was diagnosed the prostate cancer. And, by contrast – with a high level of cancer cells, PSA cannot be detected. These cases are not rare.

One of the key issues related the RTM diagnostics was the interference resistance, as the electromagnetic radiation of human tissues is very weak (10-14 Watts). Electronic devices around us often emit much stronger radiation. The main electromagnetic interference sources are personal computers, mobile phones, and other electronic devices. Apparently, the level of electromagnetic interference in the surrounding environment is increasing year-by-year. First prototypes of the RTM device required special shielding, which was not always possible. However, recent inventions in science facilitated the construction of a device which can operate without special shielding. It is a device we are currently using.

Advantages:

  • unlimited number of examinations
  • monitoring the therapy and procedure efficiency
  • absolute harmlessness
  • a highly sensitive diagnostic method – accuracy
  • detection of anomalies already in early stages
  • instant result and visualisation

Microwave radiometry examination results

left hemisphere                                     right hemisphere

Cerebrovascular accident – CVA

Thyroid carcinoma

Skin melanoma

Spine – normal finding

Spine – inflammatory process in the area of thoracic vertebrae

Liver                                                                                    Kidneys

Liver – inflammatory process                                                    Left kidney – inflammatory process

Author: Mgr. Mrenková Lucia

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Heart analysis in 3D visualisation

Heart analysis in 3D visualisation

The CardioDM-06® (Heart Vue™) is significantly different from conventional ECG analysers, as it is based on a new approach to analysing the ECG signals – the ECG Dispersion Mapping (ECG DM) method.

The ECG DM is the analysis of dispersions of the low-amplitude oscillations of the ECG signal in certain intervals of the PQRST complex, which is not available in standard ECG analysis methods.

It therefore facilitates:

  • detection and localisation of pathological changes in the heart in early stages
  • detection of even small metabolic deviations (shifts of electrolytes, ATP (adenosine triphosphate) concentrations) and other metabolism parameters which precede the ischemic heart damage.
  • higher sensitivity and specificity for cardiac diagnoses (at myocardial ischemia the sensitivity is 80% and specificity is 75%). Depending on particular pathology, such sensitivity of the device surpasses standard ECG analysers 7-50 times.
  • more efficient distinguishing between arrhythmia and a client’s tension or anxiety
  • the use of new information from ECG fluctuations, usually ignored as the “noise”, as compared to conventional ECG devices.
  • fast recognition and estimate of cardiac status
  • representation of cardiac abnormalities or stress in 3D visualisation instead of demanding measurement and logical analysis, as it is in the standard ECG.
  • evaluation of stability of the current heart condition. This is very important, as a heart with large deviations can be stable (these patients often have long survival times), and, by contract, a heart with small deviations can be extremely instable and decrease of dangerously unexpected relapse.
  • better monitoring during the therapy thanks to 3D visualisation
  • provision of much better diagnostic data, as compared to automatic ECG devices.

Examination result:

The Heart Vue produces not only a conventional ECG record but also a map and analysis of QT dispersions – values of cardiac changes, the so-called heart portrait (3D visualisation). The analysis lasts for 30-60 seconds as the constant monitoring of the ECG signal.

Heart portrait:

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Result of electric stability of the heart– differential diagnostics of cardiac arrhythmia, dysrhythmia

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Examples of findings:

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Normal heart image

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Myocardial ischemia

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Myocardial ischemia, previous myocardial infarction, left ventricular hypertrophy

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Myocardial ischemia, atrial fibrillation, arterial hypertension, recurrent myocardial infarction (MI)

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Myocardial ischemia, previous MI, diabetes mellitus in a client’s history

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Atrial fibrillation, changes in cardiac metabolism

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Asymmetric hypertrophy, cardiomyopathy, Left Bundle Branch Block

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Acute MI, posterior wall hypokinesis

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Disorder of cardiac valves

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Combined cardiac disease, atrial fibrillation, metabolic deviations

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Myocardial ischemia, previous MI, stenocardia, aortocoronary bypass

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