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Comprehensive breast examination


We will examine your breasts non-invasively


The non-invasive diagnosis method involves three innovative non-invasive methods, all non-X-ray, which you can undergo at any age (women and girls) and in any amount.

Absolute harmlessness predestines them for effective prevention and early diagnosis of cancer (malignant and benign) and monitoring of treatment efficacy.



Thermography


A non-contact non-invasive imaging diagnostic method that recorded temperature patterns and temperature asymmetry in real time, and such variation…

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A non-contact non-invasive imaging diagnostic method that records temperature patterns and temperature asymmetry in real time to help differentiate physiological and pathological processes in breast tissues.

The asymmetric regions (i.e. the 1 st Celsius difference) are already very likely to point to the pathology present. Thermography recognizes a cluster of about 256 cancer cells, whereas a mammogram can detect cancer only when there is a cluster of about 4 billion cells. It is estimated that thermography can detect cancer formation up to 6 years before it can be done with mammography.

Female breasts do not normally radiate much heat. If they are healthy, they show light blue shades in the thermographic image. These are an indication of low temperature levels. However, if red, orange or yellow spots appear, they may indicate the presence of pathology and should be analyzed in more detail. Long-term studies have shown an average sensitivity and specificity of up to 90%. The results show that a persistent abnormal thermogram indicates a 22-fold higher risk of developing breast cancer.

By thermographic examination of breast we can identify cysts, fibrous parts of tissue, mastitis, dysplasia, breast tumors. It is used to identify the status of breast tissue in women of all ages, all breast sizes, in pregnant women, women with breast implants.

advantages:

  • absolute harmlessness
  • high sensitivity – high quality interpretability
  • it is considered as the initial investigation method, preceding all other investigation methods – active / eg. sono / or invasive
  • without contraindications, except for a non-disciplined non-compliant patient
  • pre – examination conditions
  • observing treatment effectiveness


Radiometry


image019RTM diagnostics (microwave radiometry) is a highly sensitive non-invasive diagnostic method for assessing the functionality of a condition of high severity and is of great importance

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Microwave breast radiometry

RTM diagnostics (microwave radiometry) is a highly sensitive non-invasive diagnostic method for assessing the functional status of breast tissue and is of great importance in early-stage cancer diagnosis. The identification of tumor cells on the basis of functional changes taking place within the mutated cells incorporates radiometry into highly specialized diagnostic methods.

The method is based on measuring the natural electromagnetic radiation of breast tissue in the microwave region, at a depth of 2 – 7 cm, and the infrared spectrum of the radiation (skin temperature).
There is no other method to identify cancer at an early stage! A starting tumor (until its dimensions exceed a few millimeters) does not bother the pain and is virtually impossible to diagnose. X-ray, ultrasound, MRI and CT are small tumors not captured. This diagnosis can only reveal a “mature”, large tumor, when treatment is, at best, very complex and expensive, and in the worst case cannot be helped.

RTM allows the determination of thermal changes in the initial stages when the tumor has not yet reached a size of several millimeters. It is known that any tumor (these are very rapidly dividing cells and dividing is an energy-intensive process) produces a lot of heat. For this reason, the tumor has a higher temperature than the surrounding tissues.

RTM is used to identify precanceroses (risk of malignancies), malignant and fibrous changes in the breast, inflammatory diseases (breast mastitis), and best yet to identify rapidly growing tumors. Given its total harmlessness and the possibility of any quantification of examinations, it has an irreplaceable role in assessing the course of treatment, control of the action of drugs and procedures.

Properties of temperature processes in the breast

It is known that tissues, like any heated body / television, radio, mobile, PC /, emit electromagnetic waves over a wide frequency range. In addition, the intensity of radiation is directly proportional to the temperature of the tissues. By displaying temperature changes, we can get more information about the internal state of tissues and skin.
Internal temperature – an indicator of angiogenesis
In 2003, Japanese researchers showed that in the pre-malignant cell growth and proliferation phase, along with atypical changes, there was an increase in the density (density) of the microcapillary network, a major parameter characterizing angiogenesis and, as a result, tissue temperature at the site lesions. Patients with these changes are at high risk of developing cancer. Many scientists classify the changes in the internal temperature of tissues as precancerous changes (changes preceded by tumor growth). Therefore, the internal temperature of breast tissue, as a measure of angiogenesis, provides important information about cancer development.

Recommendations to use RTM diagnostics together with native mammography

There are cases where a tumor was detected six months later during a screening examination that showed that the patient had no cancer. The proportion of these cases is 10 to 15% of all diagnosed tumors.
Use of native mammography and microwave mammography (RTM method) reduces false-negative results 3-4 times (98% sensitivity)
RTM can identify rapidly growing tumors, thus reducing the number of false negative findings.
Native mammography reveals structural changes in only 80% of all tumors.
To date, clinical trials have been conducted in 7 healthcare facilities in Russia and the United States for over 3,500 patients. Tests have shown that 90% of breast cancer patients have experienced RTM tissue increased heat activity (90% sensitivity).

Research in Slovakia

Article: / Prakt Gyn 2007; 11 (5)
Authors: V. Bella, E. Zámečníková: Microwave Radiometry and Breast Disease – Introduction of a New Diagnostic Method in Practice?

PDF

advantages:

unlimited quantification of examinations
monitoring the effectiveness of treatments and procedures
absolute harmlessness
highly sensitive diagnostic method – accuracy
detection of anomalies in the early stages of their development
instant result and visualization


Electroimpedance mammography


image002non-invasive, safe method of breast examination designed to visualize and diagnose pathological changes occurring in mammary tissues.

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The device has significant advantages over systems that implement two-dimensional electrical conductivity mapping. In such systems, spatial resolution is not assured in depth. The condition of the skin (scratches, birthmarks, irrigation conditions) can be significantly affected by the pictures taken. However, the MEIK system has a built-in implementation approach that uses a feedback solution for Maxwell’s equations in a quasi-static approximation. This method makes it possible to reconstruct the three-dimensional distribution of electrical conductivity (in the form of tomographic sections at different depths) to obtain better and more detailed images. The measurement scheme used makes the visualization results virtually insensitive to the skin surface condition.

Procedure and preparation for examination:
The electroimpendance measurement itself is performed by placing the instrument probe on the mammary gland so that as many electrodes as possible are in contact with the skin and by gently pushing the probe towards the ribs. In the scanning process, the device alternately injects a weak 50 kHz alternating current (0.5 mA) into the patient & apos; s body and senses the corresponding distribution of electrical potentials on its surface. The obtained data are then used for reconstruction of electroimpendance imaging using mathematical algorithms. A light-emitting diode is mounted in the electrode panel 256, the light spot helping to accurately position the center of the matrix over the desired section of the patient’s body.

The measurement takes approximately 20 seconds, the signal is immediately computer-processed and displayed. This computer processing makes it very easy to make a diagnosis.

Preparation for examination: The breasts must be clean, free of deodorants and creams, lotions

Advantages of diagnostics:

absolute harmlessness – no X-rays
unlimited quantity and frequency of examinations – important in differential diagnosis of mastopathies
high informativeness
painlessness – the breast is not compressed like in native mammography
for girls and women of all ages
highly effective for the diagnosis of benign and malignant mammary tumors.
Sensitivity (proportion of patients with disease of the specified frequency of symptom or symptom) – more than 76%, specificity (to evaluate no symptoms in healthy people) 75%. By comparison, X-ray mammography sensitivity, 71% – 86.8%, specificity – 37.8%.
suitable for assessing tissue changes in case of mastalgia
monitoring breasts with implants
monitoring breast during lactation
diagnose single or repeated mammary gland cysts
diagnosis of breast fibroadenoma



Preparation for examination:


  • Steroids, sympathetic blockers, vasodilatory mediators, opiates, transdermal patches must be discontinued 24 hours prior to examination.
  • Avoid acupuncture, myoskeletal techniques, physical therapy, electrodiagnostic testing 12 hours prior to examination
  • Do not use ointments, creams, bandages, splints before examination
  • Do not eat, drink or take medicines 3 hours before the examination
  • In the morning before the examination, the client should take a shower, the skin must be clean, without creams, deodorants and make-up.

About Alterum Medica


We are a clinic of non-invasive diagnosis and treatment of diseases, which offers above-standard diagnostic, preventive and curative health care in the medical fields of internal medicine, oncology, cardiology, sports traumatology, diabetesology, dietology, rheumatology, surgery, dermynology, aesthetics, germ, gastroenterology, nephrology and dentistry.

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info@alterummedica.sk

+421 907 777 008


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